Ufa (Russian:Уфа́;IPA:[ʊˈfa]; Bashkir:Өфө, Öfö; IPA:[ʏ̞ˈfʏ̞], pronunciation) is the capital city of the Republic of Bashkortostan, Russia, and the industrial, economic, scientific and cultural center of the republic. Population: 1,105,667 (2015).
Ancient History — 16th century
Early history of the surrounding area of Ufa out in Paleolithic times.
Presumably in the 5th to the 16th centuries on the site of Ufa there was a medieval city. On the map of Pizzigano brothers (1367) and on the Catalan Atlas (1375) approximately on the Belaya River was designated a town Pascherti (Bashkort), On the Gerardus Mercator's map (1554) also marked the settlement with the Pascherti name. French orientalist Henri Cordier associates the position of Pascherti with the current location of Ufa.
UFA (formerly Universum Film AG, today UFA GmbH) is a German motion-picture production company headquartered in Babelsberg, a district in the Brandenburg state capital of Potsdam.
Universum-Film was established on December 18, 1917, as a direct response to foreign competition in the realm of film and propaganda. Ufa was founded by a consortium headed by Emil Georg von Stauß, who was a board member at Deutsche Bank.
In 1925, financial pressures compelled the company to enter into distribution agreements with the American studios Paramount and Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer to form Parufamet. Ufa's weekly newsreels continued to contain reference to the deal with Paramount all the way up to 1940, at which point "Die Deutsche Wochenschau ("The German Weekly Review") was consolidated and used as an instrument of Nazi propaganda.
In March 1927, Alfred Hugenberg, an influential German media entrepreneur and later Minister of the Economy, Agriculture and Nutrition in Hitler's cabinet, purchased Ufa and transferred it to the Nazi Party in 1933.